The phenomenon of ethnicity is one of the most prominent phenomena witnessed by human societies through the ages of old and recent, and became more important, especially after their emergence on the stage of international events during the last third of the twentieth century, and despite the emergence of the phenomenon of ethnicity in all parts of the world, but it is more evident in African countries, Where ethnic privacy is the most important social and political asset to it, where the institutions of the national state remain hostage to the social and cultural structures that constitute it, which threatens the stability of the state and the safety of its society. In an attempt to understand ethnic privacy in African countries and their components, which are part of the fabric of social structure of the state, we raise the following problem: What are the components of ethnic privacy in African countries?