Abstract

The public class consisted of the various races that the Abbasid Caliphate included, Arabs, Dilm, Turk, and Kurds, and they did not have a great position in society due to the poverty of the majority of them, on the one hand, and their ignorance of cultural and religious matters on the other hand, and historians have called them various names such as Sifla, Mob, Abi, and the masses, Alhambh Their food, clothing, and role were simple, and these trades or industry professions. The merchants engaged in selling consumables to meet the daily needs of people and left the trade of precious commodities and jewelry to those who have ties to the caliph, his entourage, and the men of the state. Makers They were living below the level of traders because their resources are limited was the average wage of the worker in the third century AH / ninth century dirhams and a half a day for the maker of glass and then increased in the fourth century AH / tenth century and revenues were shopkeepers no more than 300 dirhams a month.


Key words: nationalities, Kurds, Baghdad, Abbasids, workers.