Africa between the intensification of ethnic conflicts and the pursuit of democracy

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مريم شوفي

Abstract

Abstract:
       The issue of ethnic conflicts known great importance at the global level to become one of the most important global policy issues because of the growing effects of the intervention of governmental and non-governmental organizations, in this case through the deployment of military forces in cases of long-term violence between ethnic groups and the establishment of a special war crimes court to investigate violations of its laws.
        In the same context and because Africa belong to the global system and because it is the most affected by this phenomenon continent, which strengthened on the basis of historical factors Kalastammar, and factors pots centered in its entirety on the nature of the African political systems and methods of passive dealing with the ethnic issue, thereby contributing in a mainstream phenomenon and spread at the continental level and given because the continent is trying to access the ranks of democratic nations adopting the manifestations indicate that, Kaltaddah politics and elections as a means for the peaceful transfer of power as a result of local pressure and other international, but the continuity of ethnic tensions had a negative impact on the status of security and stability in African countries.

Key words: ethnic conflicts, democracy,factor,politics


 

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How to Cite
[1]
شوفيم., “Africa between the intensification of ethnic conflicts and the pursuit of democracy”, African Journal of Political Sciences, vol. 6, no. 1, Dec. 2018.
Section
political sciences

References

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________________________________________
[1] - Duarte James, Balttsgrav Robert, Conflicting Theories in International Relations, translated by Walid Abdel-Hay, ed. 1. Kuwait: Kazma Publishing, Translation and Distribution, December 1985, p. 94.
[2] - Al-Hadithi Abbas Ghaly, "Patterns of Environmental Conflict": http: // omu. edu. ly /
[3] - Hammad Kamal, International Conflicts (International Legal Study in Conflict Science), 1st edition. Lebanon: The National House for Studies, Publishing and Distribution, 1998. P. 11.
[4] - Muhanna Muhammad Nasr and Marouf Khaldoun Naji, Settlement of International Disputes, Cairo, Dar Gharib for Printing and Publishing, 1996, p. 9.
[5] - More.h.(will) , ethnic minority and foreign policy , sais review, volxxii,n:2summerfall,2002,p77in:http://gamet.acns.fsu.edu/whmoore/research/more2000
[6] - Hamaidi (Ezzeddine), The Role of External Intervention in Ethnic Conflicts, Memorandum submitted to obtain a master's degree in international relations, University of Constantine, 2005, p. 13
[7] - Mohamed Ahmed Abdel-Ghaffar, Conflict Resolution in Western Thought and Practice, An Analytical Critical Study of Algeria, Dar Houma for Printing, Publishing and Distribution, 1st edition, Part 1, 2003, p. 217.
[8]- Christian geiser , Les approches théoriques sur les conflits ethniques et les réfugiés,p7sur:www. Paix balkans . org / contrubution / geiser- parant bosnie pdf .
[9] - Dawood Albaz, Shura and Parliamentary Democracy. University Thought Center, Alexandria, 2004, p. 14.
[10] - Saleh Jawad Kadhim, Ali Ghaleb Al-Ani, political systems. College of Law and Politics, University of Baghdad, 1990-1991, p. 21.
[11] - Abdel-Ali Abdel-Qader, lectures on comparative political systems. Department of Political Science and International Relations, Saeed University, 2007-2008, p. 48.
[12] - The phenomenon of civil wars in Africa, citing the website: http://www.alrakoba.net/articles-action-show-id-42025.htm (16-10-2016 at 13:57).
[13] - Hamdi Abdel-Rahman Hassan, Pluralism and the State-Building Crisis in Islamic Africa, Center for African Future Studies, 1996, p. 30.
[14] - Mapakati Attata, L’Afrique Oriental et L’exploitation coloniale, Revue française d’études politique africaine, N°87, Mars 1973, p-p, 66-71.
[15] - Nora Abdel-Qader Hassan, Liberia..a new crisis for the state in Africa, Journal of International Politics, No. 154, Cairo, October 2003, p. 210.
[16] - Fahmy Khalifa Al-Fahdawi, Public Policy: Your Perspective on Structure and Analysis, Al-Masirah House for Publishing, Distribution, and Printing, Jordan, 2002, p. 74.

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