The Zionist Intervention in the continent of Africa, 1948, 2001.

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زينب : التومي

Abstract

Abstract:
This study discusses Israeli infiltration in Africa and its foreign policy towards this continent and the roots of the afro-Zionism relation ,in addition to when the interests of Zionism has started by focusing on its aims in the dark continent. It is also discussing how did the diplomacy ,economic and military relations grow in all phases which were very unconstant most of time ,here are its main phases ,phase one attempt to penetrate and searching for legality(1948_1956)this period witnessed the declaration of the Israel as a state, and  second event Bandung Conference, phase two relation establishment and admission Recognition period(1957-1973). It is considered as the starting point with Israel .phase three retreating period (1973-1979) where the ministerial council of African countries organization decided to break off with Israel in November 1973.phase four ,restoration period in camp David in 1979.phase five it is normalization period(1991_2001) .where the study discusses Israeli threat on Africa and Arab world.
Keywords: Israeli- infiltration- Africa- foreign policy- Zionism

 

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How to Cite
[1]
: التوميز., “The Zionist Intervention in the continent of Africa, 1948, 2001.”, African Journal of Political Sciences, vol. 6, no. 1, Dec. 2018.
Section
political sciences

References

o Golda Meir, Confessions of Golda Meir, Ter: Aziz Azmy, B, Cairo, Dar Al-Taawun, b.
o • Abdul-Wahab Al-Masiri: Encyclopedia of Jews, Judaism and Zionism 3, Volume 1,2, Cairo, Dar Al-Shorouk, 2006,
o Arabic and translated references:
o Dr. Jasim Younis Al-Hariri, Israeli Foreign Policy towards Africa, the strategic file issued by the Jerusalem Center for Policy Studies, Amman 2004,
o • Dr. Hamdi Abdel-Rahman Hassan, The Israeli Penetration of Africa, 1st Edition, The Qatari Books House, Arab and International Forum, Arab Relations, 2015.
o Khaled Walid Mahmoud, The Israeli Penetration into the Dark Continent, Report from the Gezira Studies Center, January 24, 2012,.
o • Hebron, grammar, Muslim Africa, lost identity, Dar Al-Gharb Al-Islami, 1st floor
o • Richard B. Stephen, American Zionism and American Foreign Policy 1942_1947 TR: George Naguib and AYKM, 1st Floor, Beirut, Dar Al-Tale'ah for Printing and Publishing,
o • Richard Stevens and Abdel-Wahab Al-Masiri, Israel and South Africa, translated book series; 427 Cairo: State Information Service, [d. T.]),.

• Alfred Lilienthal ,what price Israel ; 1969,biblie by institute for Palestine ,studies .
• Ali AL.Mazrui, The Africans: A Triple Heritage, London: BBC publication,1986
• C harles Kwarteng,”the Arabs, Israel and Black Africa: the politics of courtship”, Round Table, No 322, April, 1992,
• Naomi Chazan “ Israel and Africa Assessing the Past,Envisioning the FutureThe Africa” InstituteAmerican Jewish Committee The Harold Hartog SchoolTel Aviv University May 2006.:
• Periodicals and bulletins:
• • Osama Abdel-Rahman Al-Amin, “Israeli Penetration in Africa and its Impact on the Eastern Nile Basin Countries”, Sudan University, College of Education, Journal of African Studies,
• Khalil Ibrahim Al-Tayyar, “Israeli Attempts to Return to Africa and its Relationship with the Strategic Cooperation Agreement with the United States,” Arab Affairs, No. 47, September 1986.
• • Dr. Hamdi Abdel-Rahman Hassan, Israeli-African Relations in a Changing World: An Arab Vision, Arab Affairs Magazine, Issue 107, September 2001
• Abdel Nasser Sorour, “Israeli Policy Towards Africa After the Cold War,” Hebron University Journal for Research, Volume V, 2nd Issue
• • Saleh Al-Naami, “The story of penetration and Zionist interests in Africa. The spread of Islam in the“ Horn of Africa ”increased the need for“ Israel ”to exist in this region,” Palestinian Information Center, Thursday 27 May 2010.
• ________________________________________
• [1] The Ugandan project, as is common in a rugged plateau of 18,000 square miles, is not suitable for cultivation and errors in the designation are not due to the fact that Chamberlain indicated during his conversation with Herzliel to the Uganda Railway. Looking: Abdel-Wahab Al-Masiri: Encyclopedia of Jews, Judaism and Zionism 3, Cairo, Dar Al-Shorouk 2006, Vol. 2, p. 308.
• [2] Zion: in relation to Mount Zion in Jerusalem, and returning to Zion is a pivotal idea in the Jewish religious system. See: Abdel-Wahab Al-Masiri: Encyclopedia of Jews and Judaism, previous reference, Maj: 2, c: 2 p. 197.
• [3] A. Abd al-Wahhab al-Masiri: Encyclopedia of Jews and Judaism, Vol. 2, c: 2, p. 308.
• [4] A number of Jewish scholars and mappers contributed to the success of the Vasco de Gama plan that led to the discovery of Cape of Good Hope in the world of 1497 AD. The presence of Jewish groups in South Africa dates back to the first western settlement activities. The wealthy Jews in the Netherlands were among the contributors to the establishment of the India Company Dutch East and Jewish names appeared in the records of early settlers such as: Samuel Jacobson, Abraham Cohen Looking: Richard Stephens and Abdel-Wahab Al-Masiri, Israel and South Africa, a series of translated books;) 427 (Cairo: SIS, [d.]), P. 100 Also: Jamal Muhammad Mustafa Badad, Jewish Communities in South Africa (its history and position on the Palestinian issue), The Arab Future Magazine, Issue: 60, pp. 59-60.

• [5] Conclusion means Abraham looks: the Torah, Genesis chapter 15 of the covenant.
• [6] Dr. Jasim Younis Al-Hariri, Israeli Foreign Policy towards Africa, the strategic file issued by the Jerusalem Center for Political Studies, Amman 2004, p. 8.
• ([7]) Dr. Hamdi Abdel-Rahman Hassan, Israeli-African Relations in a Changing World: An Arab Vision, Arab Affairs Magazine, Issue 107, September 2001, p. 151. See also: Dr. Hamdi Abdel-Rahman Hassan ,, The Israeli Penetration of Africa, 1st edition, Qatar Books House, Arab and International Forum, Arab Relations, 2015, p. 16.
• [8] Osama Abdel Rahman Al-Amin, “Israeli Penetration in Africa and its Impact on the Eastern Nile Basin Countries”, Sudan University, College of Education, Journal of African Studies, p. 181.
• [9] Dr. Hamdi Abdel-Rahman Hassan ,, The Israeli Penetration into Africa, previously mentioned source, p. 34.
• ([10]) Khaled Walid Mahmoud, Israeli Penetration in the Dark Continent..Ethiopia Case Study, Al-Jazeera Center for Studies, Sunday, January 29, 2012.
• ([11]): Dr. Hamdi Abdel-Rahman Hassan ,, The Israeli Penetration into Africa, a previously mentioned source, p. 16.
• [12] Ali AL.Mazrui, The Africans: A Triple Heritage, London: BBC publication, 1986, p85
• [13] Sfard is a term used in the 8th century A.D. for Jews who lived in Spain. See: Al-Masiri, Encyclopedia of Jews, Judaism, and Zionism, earlier reference, vol. 1, part 1, p. 82.
• [14] Ashkenazi means Western Jews, especially those of German, French and Polish origin, and immigrated in the 17th century to the New World. Encyclopedia of Jews, Judaism, and Zionism, previous reference, vol 1, c 1 p. 83.
• [15] Flash: means exile or eccentric, and the word originates from the root "flash", meaning migrate or wander on the face, and the people of Ethiopia use the word to refer to an African ethnic group who owes some form to Judaism and most of the flash are concentrated in northern Ethiopia. , Encyclopedia of Jews, Judaism and Zionism, previous reference, Vol. 1, Vol. 1, p. 92.
• [16] Abd al-Wahhab al-Masiri, Encyclopedia of Jews, Judaism, and Zionism, previous reference, vol. 1, part 1, p. 92.
• [17] South African Jews: South African Jewish personalities had a major role in making the Balfour Declaration promise. See: Abdel-Wahab Al-Masiri, Israel and South Africa, previous reference, p. 121.
• [18] Hamdi Abdel-Rahman, The Israeli Penetration of Africa, p. 59.
• [19] Hamed Abdullah Rabi`: Arab National Security Theory and Contemporary Development of International Dealing in the Middle East, Cairo: Dar Al-Mawqif Al-Arabi, 1984.
• [20] Tightening the parties: An Israeli plan that aims to achieve Israeli national goals in the long term and works to involve the Arab countries in the Arab world in side conflicts with other non-Arab countries in the geographical neighborhood circle, with the aim of attracting these Arab countries and beyond the countries of the heart Al-Arabi, especially Egypt - to side conflicts, away from the main conflict between Arabs and Israel, and to alleviate the pressure on the latter. We found implementation of this scheme in the eight-year war between Iraq and Iran, in the conflict between Syria and Turkey fueled by strategic cooperation agreements between Turkey and Israel, and in Israel's support for Turkey in its military operations in northern Iraq, as well as the Israeli role in the conflicts between Sudan and Ethiopia, and between Yemen And Eritrea to impose Israeli control on the southern entrance to the Red Sea, and between Mauritania and Senegal in West Africa. 2004 m.
[21]. Osama Abdul Rahman Al-Amin, “Tagalog
[34] C harles Kwarteng,”the Arabs, Israel and Black Africa: the politics of courtship”, Round Table, No 322, April, 1992,pp 167
[35] Naomi Chazan “ Israel and Africa Assessing the Past,Envisioning the FutureThe Africa” InstituteAmerican Jewish Committee The Harold Hartog SchoolTel Aviv University May 2006,p :5.
[36] Israel offered a $ 20 million loan to Ghana after Elvir Avril persuaded Israeli Minister of Trade and Industry "Pinchas Sabir" that the loan should be submitted, and in the same year 1958 AD, Golda Meir attended the first anniversary of Ghana's independence, and President Liberian Tubman supported the Israeli position at the United Nations. After the 1956 Suez Crisis, and the two countries agreed to exchange the visit in August 1958, the first stations were Golda for Beria, then Ghana in 1958, then Cameroon in 1959, Togo was provided with assistance, during which he looked:
[36] Hamdi Abdel Rahman, the Israeli penetration into Africa, p. 46. Also: Golda Meir, Golda Meir Confessions, pp. Pp. 249-244.
[37] Meir says in her memoirs: "We went to Africa to teach them what we learned ... and what the Israeli experts did in all fields from 1958 until 1973, and what a thousand Africans carried on their return to their country after receiving training in Israel, these achievements will remain and nothing will erase them." See: Golda Meir, Golda Meir Me Confessions, p. 242.
[38] Abdel-Azim Ramadan, The Egyptian-Israeli Confrontation in the Red Sea, previous reference, pp. 94-96.
[39] Israel and South Africa had strong and strategic relations, as a result of the similarity between them, as they were both settler states and both were defense centers for the West in their regional framework. The relations between the two countries began immediately after the establishment of the State of Israel and its most important features. , See: Charles Kwarteng, “the Arabs, Israel and Black Africa: the politics of courtship”, Op, Cit, pp. 167
[40] Ibid,p :167.
[41] Naomi Chazan,Op,Cit p :5.
[42] Ibid,p 5.
[43] Ibid,p 5.
[44] Ibid,p 7
[45] Ibid,p 7[46] Hebron Grammar, Muslim Africa, Lost Identity, Dar al-Gharb al-Islami, 1st floor, 1993, p. 156.
[47] Ibid, p 8
Dr. Abd al-Wahhab al-Masiri sees the emergence of the new world order other than the function of Israel and the nature of its role. The annexation of the territories is no longer a vital issue for it, and a shift in the Zionist rhetoric has been made by some of the leaders of the Labor Party and the Israeli left, such as Shimon Peres. Geography and replacing it with economic borders, replacing the theory of the "Greater Israel" project with an "Greater Israel" project economically so that economic influence and control can achieve the Zionist goals in a more established, longer life, less costly and human loss, see: Dr. Abdel-Wahab Al-Masiri, Encyclopedia of Jews, Judaism and Zionism, previous reference, Vol. 2, Vol. 3, p. 362.
[49] Osama Abdel-Rahman Al-Amin, “Israeli Penetration in Africa and its Impact on the Eastern Nile Basin Countries”, a reference previously mentioned, pp. Pp. 183,184.
[50] Abdel Nasser Sorour, “Israeli Policy Towards Africa After the Cold War,” Hebron University Journal for Research, Volume V, 2nd Issue, p. 152.
[51] Hebron, grammar, Muslim Africa, lost identity, previous reference, p. 157.
[52] Abdel Nasser Sorour, “Israeli Policy Toward Africa After the Cold War,” previous reference, pp. 159, 160.
[53] Khaled Walid Mahmoud, The Israeli Penetration into the Dark Continent, Report from the Gezira Center for Studies, January 24, 2012, p. 6.
[54] Saleh Al-Naami, “The Story of Penetration and Zionist Interests in Africa: The Spread of Islam in the“ Horn of Africa, ”Increased the Need for“ Israel ”to Be in this Region,” Palestinian Information Center, Thursday 27 May 2010.
[55] Hebron, grammar, Muslim Africa, lost identity, previous reference, pp. 160,161.
[56] Arab water sources are considered one of the most important natural resources for which Israel insists on preserving Arab lands, and Israel views the water problem from the point of view of the insufficiency of the existing water resources to meet its ambitions in the field of displacing the Jews of the world. Therefore, the Israeli occupation authorities have been established, since 1967 , Her hand is related to the exploitation, distribution and management of water resources, and as a result, all surface and underground water resources have come under the control of the Israeli military ruler, who disposes of them according to the military objectives. Vol 2, p. 461 3C.

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