Presse Université de France , La Rousse Super Major , Paris , 2006 , P 269 .
 Sarah Bou Saioud, The Role of the Anti-Corruption Economic Strategy in Achieving Sustainable Development: A Comparative Study between Algeria and Malaysia, Master’s Note in Management Sciences, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Farhat Abbas University, Setif Algeria 2013, p. 15.
 Ali Abdel-Qader Ali, Indicators of Measuring Administrative Corruption, Bridge of Development: A periodic series on development issues in the Arab countries, No. 70, February 2008, Arab Planning Institute, Kuwait, p. 5.
 Sarah Bou Saoud, op. Cit., P. 16.
 For the information see the World Bank, The Cost of Corruption, at: http://go.worldbank.org/lga29gha8. Date of Entry 03/03/2014.
 Through his book "Diseases of Poverty and Health Problems in the Third World," Philip Attia goes to consider the inequality in the distribution of the reason for defining poverty in his saying, "Poverty is generally considered to be the scarcity, dispersal, or unfair distribution of matter. See: Philip Attia, Poverty Diseases and Health Problems in the Third World, Kuwait: The National Council for Culture, Arts and Literature, 1992, p. 10.
 Ali Abdul Qadir Ali, previous reference, p. 3.
 PNUD , Lutte contre la corruption , Note de pratique du PNUD , 2004 , p 3 . sur cite web : http://www.pogar.org/publications/finances/anticor/undp-ati04.pdf. date de entré : 04/05/2014.
 Ahmed Salah Attia, The Origins of Governmental Review and its Applications in the Arab Region, University House Egypt, 2008, p. 222.
 Morsi El-Sayed Hegazy, The Social Costs of Corruption, The Arab Future Magazine, No. 266, April 2001, p. 33.
 Transparency International, Transparency and Anti-Corruption: Civil Society Dialogue between the G8 and the Greater Middle East and North Africa, Bahrain: 2005, p. 11.
 Khalil Jbara, Anti-Corruption in Lebanon from a Parliamentary Perspective between Theory and Practice, Research Studies and Workshops on Building Parliamentary Institutions and Promoting Citizen Participation in the Arab Countries, July 15 and 16, 2008, Beirut, p. 125.
 Tomas Carothers , Aiding Democracy Abroad : A Learning Curve , Carnegie Endowment for international peace , Washington , D.C , 1999, p 189.
 Mahmoud Abdel-Fadil, Corruption and its Repercussions in the Arab World, as the Journal of the Arab Future, No. 243, May 1999, p. 9.
 Geoff Handley ,and all ,Poverty and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa :An Overview of key Issues ,working Paper N°299,January 2009 Overseas Development Institute ,London,2009,p,p:7- 8.
 Op,Cit ,p8.
 UNDP, Corruption and Development: Fighting Corruption for Poverty Reduction, New York, December 2008, p. 15.
 Karima Baghdadi, Political Corruption and its Impact on Political Stability in North Africa: A Case Study of Algeria, Master’s Note in Political Science, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Abu Bakr Belkaid University, Tlemcen, Algeria, 2011/2012, p, p: 234-235.
 Report on “Combating Corruption to Improve Governance,” Division of Administrative Development and Governance / Bureau for Development Policy, November 13, 1998, New York, 1998, p. 12.
 Ibid., P. 13.
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Governance as a mechanism for reform and reduction of corruption to reduce the phenomenon of poverty: a case study of Algeria
Vol 6 No 1 (2017): v6i1
Submitted: Jan 9, 2019
Published: Dec 26, 2018