- Diop (ch.A.) 1960, L’Afrique noir précoloniale, Paris, P. 9.
- Barry (B.), 1972, Le Royaume du Waalo. Le Sénégal avant la conquête, Préface de Samir Amin, F. Maspero, Paris p.154-159.
- Barry, (B). La Sénégambie du XVe au XIXe siégle, p. 79.
 Abdullah Issa, “Islamic Education in West Africa during the 16th Century AD,” Al-Bayan Magazine, No. 328, Dhu al-Hijjah 1435 AH / October 2014, p. 3.
 - La Sénégambie du XVe au XIXe siégle, p. 94.
 Abdel-Wadoud Ould Abdallah, 1988 "Islam and Society in West Africa during the 17th and 18th centuries CE", within the Symposium on African Arts, History and Civilizations, Algeria, p. 13.
 - Ahmed bin Al-Amin Al-Shanqeeti, 1989, the mediator in the translations of the writers of Chinguetti, Cairo, Al-Khanji Library, fourth edition, p. 493.
 - The same source, p. 105.
 Ahmad Al-Azmi, 2000, The Tijani Way in Morocco and Western Sudan during the 19th Century AD, Rabat: Publications of the Ministry of Endowments and Islamic Affairs, Part Two, p. 445.
 Ahmed Al-Azmi, The Tidjani Method in Morocco and Western Sudan, MS, p. 445.
 Bear: This city is located in the Caior region, south of Saint Louis, and it is a region bordering west by the Atlantic Ocean.
 Al-Azmi, ibid., P. 447.
 Ahmad Al-Shukri, 2001, “The jihad of Hajj Omar Tal in the upper reaches of the Senegal River,” within the works of the international symposium marking the 200th anniversary of the birth of Hajj Omar Al-Foti Tal, whose work took place in Dakar, Senegal, Rabat, and publications of the Institute of African Studies, s. 52.
 Ahmed Al-Azmi, The Tidjani Method in Morocco and Western Sudan, MS, p. 448.
 - Abdullah Issa, "The Military Strategy of French Colonialism in Senegal", unpublished Master Thesis in History, Hassan II University, Morocco, academic year (2008-2009), p. 44.
- Abstract viewed - 658 times
- full pdf (العربية) downloaded - 28 times
عيسى عبد الله
Affiliation not stated
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Article Metrics Details
A reading of the West African reform movements during the 17th and 18th centuries AD
Vol 5 No 1 (2016): v5i1
Submitted: Jan 8, 2019
Published: Dec 26, 2018
There have been numerous studies related to the history of Islam in West Africa in recent years, and the range of issues and phenomena that these studies have dealt with has varied widely among them in curricula and premises, sources and documents. However, the steady progress in the outcome of this field of knowledge in terms of quantity and quality is no longer an area of controversy. However, the observer - like the writer of these lines - can only show some disadvantages to this scientific movement, including that the absolute abundance of what it produces does not reach the reader in Arabic, Arabic or otherwise. It is assumed that this reader is the first concerned with it, and the people have the best chance of dialogue with it, a dialogue through which its results are enriched, or dealt with by review and amendment.
Key words: studies, West Africa, curricula, dialogue, scientific.