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5- Ibid., P. 61.
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14- Muhammed Nur al-Din, Minorities in Turkey under the Justice and Development Party, in: Turki al-Dakhil, Ethnic Religious Minorities, Al-Masbar Center for Studies and Research, 2013, p. 270.
15- Hamid Bouzarslan, previous reference, p. 55
16- Muhammad Nuruddin, Minorities in Turkey, previous source, p. 271
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19- Mr. Awad Osman, “The Turkish Kurdistan Workers' Party, From Armed Struggle… to Peaceful Struggle,” Al-Siyassiya International Magazine, No. 139, 2002, p.
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21- Hamid Bouzarslan, History of Contemporary Turkey, previous source, p. 58
22- Turkey and its Kurds: An Opportunity for a Negotiating Solution, The Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies, on the following website:
23- Hamid Bouzarslan, previous reference, p. 58
24- Muammar Faisal Khuli, The Kurdish Question in Turkey: From Denial to Recognition, ibid.
25- Ahmad Dawudoglu, ibid., P. 743.
26- Ibid, pp. Pp. 475--476.
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31- Ibrahim Al-Bayoumi Ghanem, Turkey and Europe .. The Dialectic of Absorption and Exclusion, in: Muhammad Abd al-Ati, Turkey between Domestic Challenges and Outside Bets, Arab Science House Publishers, Al-Jazirah Center for Studies, 2010, p. 177.
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34- Muammar Faisal Khuli, The Kurdish Question in Turkey: From Denial to Recognition, ibid.
35- Anna Villala, “New Peace Talks in Turkey: Opportunities and Challenges in Conflict Resolution: A Turkish Vision,” Sta Studies and Research, No. 3, Fall 2013, p. 20.
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40- http: // www.alhurra.com/content/kurds-power-in-syria-/after-assad/217593.html
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http: // www.albawabhnews.com/735782
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ttp //: www.aljazeera.net / knoledggate2fopinions2f2014
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http // aliraqnews.com/%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B3%
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The Turkish role in managing the Kurdish problem in the Middle East after 2002
Vol 8 No 1 (2019): v8i1
Submitted: Feb 17, 2019
Published: May 14, 2019
We looked at the area where the Kurds are understood the Kurdish issue in international and regional arrangements, this region constitutes one of the most important geographic regions in the Middle East and Eurasia in transit, this makes it an arena of international and regional competition, and considers the inability of this regions to from a unified political entity is a source of instability.
In the region will actually remain the Kurdish problem present in Turkish politics towards the Arab neighboring countries on the other hand and Iran on the other hand so this problem remains unresolved no matter how Turkey went to deny this international and regional problem, this is not a solution unless it is going to deal positively with this issue and continue to try to export it the neighborhood, this problem will cause further deterioration and will be the stone turkey has found an effective towards its regional environment from Europe, central Asia and the Middle East.