Abstract

The subject of the study is the role played by the Egyptian military after the revolution of 23 July 1952, as well as after the revolution of January 25, 2011 and June 30, 2013 and to what extent this role contributed to support the status of the Egyptian state.


- The Egyptian army occupies the 11th place in the world, the first Arab and the first in the Middle East, which strengthened the status of the Egyptian state globally and regionally through which Egypt participated in maintaining security and peace in many of the hotbeds of conflict in the world.


- On the social and economic, since the July 1952 revolution, the military establishment has contributed to the construction of major economic and industrial institutions. This role has continued until the present time. After the October 1973 war, the National Service Project was established, which in turn contributed to supporting the Egyptian economy.


- At the political, the Egyptian military establishment is the only one that enjoys the confidence of the Egyptian people without any institution or party. It is the institution that sided with the will of the people on 25 January 2011 and also in the June 30, 2013 revolution.


The study aims to understand and analyze the nature of the role played by the military institution in the period after the revolution of January 25, 2011 and June 30, 2013, which led to the evolution and change in the nature of the Egyptian political system, and thus is an input to predict what may arise Developments in the Egyptian political system in the future.